by Jules Witcover
In the twinkling of an eye, the
Instead of having to absorb a feared rejection of the law on which he spent more than the first year of his presidency achieving, including its controversial individual mandate on Americans to buy health insurance, Obama been thrown a lifeline by the unexpected acquiescence of Chief Justice John Roberts.
Roberts' break from the usual conservative Republican majority in joining the four liberals on the court had to shake the confidence of the
The decision, beyond preserving the critical method of financing the health care act, also keeps in place its two most popular provisions -- removing pre-existing medical conditions as a bar to insurance and extending coverage of dependent children to age 26. Both are considered strong potential vote getters for Obama in the fall. The one provision ruled unconstitutional, which required states to expand their
The 5-4 ruling on the individual mandate will only intensify the political battle over the law, as Republican leaders in
Instead, it poses a severe challenge for prospective Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney, who has committed himself to getting rid of the federal law that was patterned in part on his own health care reform as governor of Massachusetts, pointedly including the individual mandate financing mechanism.
The decision comes at a time when the Obama campaign's optimism had been slipping badly, with economic recovery appearing to falter. Then the usually unflappable president added to his woes by insisting in a major speech subject that the private sector was "doing fine." He quickly backtracked, but the comment stepped on his upbeat message.
Now the debate over his hard-won health care reforms, which could have been an unwelcome diversion in the campaign, will be a subject the Obama campaign will be more willing to address, with the court's approval of its main features bolstering the president's argument.
With most of the Obama law remaining in force, Romney will be under more pressure not only to promise that his election will lead to repeal but to spell out in detail what reforms he would replace it with. He has already said his Massachusetts plan is not a one-size-fits-all remedy,
Meanwhile, Republican leaders can no longer rely on their prior general assumptions that there was a dependable conservative bloc with Roberts at its head to be a bastion against liberal Democratic programs. Nor can many Democrats maintain their previous smug certainty that the court will be a losing battleground unless Obama is re-elected and has chance to make one or more additional nominations in a second term.
Four members of the court are in their seventies, two of them Republicans, Antonin Scalia and Anthony Kennedy. Kennedy has been regarded as most likely to cast a swing vote, but on the health care issue he stayed with the conservative minority.
Scalia, the ideological leader of the conservative bloc often given to biting sarcasm and vitriol from the bench, earlier this week made derisive comments on Obama on the issue of immigration. His remarks led to some calls for his resignation for venturing into the political arena.
However, the vote on health care for once put Scalia in the shadows, and may well have boosted the integrity of a court itself, which has been under a cloud since its ruling in 2000 that decided a presidential election.
Supreme Court Surprise | Politics