Though they might have escaped the civil war, when they cross the border refugees face a host of new challenges.
Yet the rapidly expanding crisis poses problems not only for refugees. The host states themselves are wary of the social, economic and political pressures their new guests have brought. Here we look at the effects on
The first refugees were mostly people from Deraa seeking refuge with extended family, but as the violence spread Syrians from further afield --
Ahmed, his wife and their five children are being looked after by a charity in a private home in Turah, a few miles outside Ramtha in the Houran. While wealthier refugees find their own accommodation, these officially sanctioned charities have been essential over the past year in finding homes for poorer Syrians, given
Many refugees, fearing the reach of
So far Jordanians remain sympathetic to their Syrian guests. But there are worries that economic problems could mutate into political tension. Competition for resources such as jobs, education and health services may test the Jordanians' hospitality, especially if refugee numbers continue to grow. Memories of the 1970 Black September civil war between militia drawn from Palestinian refugees and the Jordanian government will also make author-ities wary of any political activity among Syrian refugees. Already the government have reportedly denied entry to Syrians of Palestinian origin, fearing it may upset
Some refugees, who are free to travel around
Kilis is the only camp with solid container homes, the rest being tented cities. Older heads complain of youthful ingratitude. 'This is by far the best camp in
'They are all terrorists,' said Mehmet, an Alawi businessman, 'we hate them.' Like many in the city, he equates all the refugees with the armed rebels given sanctuary by the Turkish government to fight Assad. Such rebels, many of whom are Islamist, have caused fear in this secular city. 'They walk around with their long beards looking like al-Qaeda,' said Olgun, an Alawi doctor, 'I've heard they have told some Turkish Alawis, 'after Bashar, you're next!''
Many Antakyan Sunnis agree that the refugees could destabilise the city. 'Antakya has always been safe for all sects: Alawis, Christians, Sunnis,' explains Ahmet, a Sunni business student, 'Now I hear people are buying guns to protect themselves. This used to be unheard of.'
Despite Antakyans' complaints, there are signs that the Turkish government is responding, trying in late August to move refugees out of Hatay. Similarly, new camps are being built further away from the border. Yet this may not undo the damage done, or ensure that
The Syrian crisis is hurting
One option discussed by
The surge of refugees fleeing
Their flight should not surprise us, however.
Recent Jordanian, Pakistani and Rwandan history shows us the dangers for host societies of a highly politicized and desperate refugee community if handled badly. While the international community have been unable to prevent Assad's brutality, they can cushion the fallout for the hosts and improve the lot of
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