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All it takes is a modicum of good news for housing industry analysts to call an end to the recession. Pending home sales ticked up recently, and mortgage interest rates dropped again to the lowest level in more than 60 years.
If you've been thinking about refinancing, it's time to develop a plan and get moving before interest rates start moving in the other direction. If you want to have a successful refinance in the current wacky world of mortgage finance, you'll want to take these steps:
1. Go to AnnualCreditReport.com and pull a free copy of your credit score from each of the credit reporting bureaus, and then
pay for a copy of your credit score, which will cost around
Alternatively, you can purchase a combined credit history and score from MyFico.com, which is run by
2. Evaluate whether you need to fix your credit history and score.
Lenders today want to see a credit score of at least 620 to 660 (depending on the lender), and will pull a credit score from
3. Gather your financial documents.
Lenders will want to see your tax returns, bank accounts, retirement accounts, statements of assets, paycheck stubs and other documentation. Each person who is applying to be on the loan will need the same set of documents. If you're self-employed, or if you own your own business, expect to provide many more documents about your business, including tax returns and a current budget and income statement.
4. Shop around for the right lender.
Sure, you should let your current lender know you're looking to refinance. But you should also chat with some other lenders in your area, including a big national bank, a local mortgage broker, a credit union (if you belong to or can join one) and a community bank that keeps some of the loans it closes in its own portfolio. Be sure to talk fees, costs, points and how quickly the lender can close.
5. If you have a second lender, see if it will subordinate its loan.
When a second lender subordinates its loan, it's basically agreeing that the first lender gets first dibs on the proceeds if the property has to be sold to satisfy the debt. If there is money left over, the second lender could get those funds. You won't be able to refinance if you have a second lender that won't subordinate its loan to the new first lender. Think about it: Who would provide a first mortgage if the second loan lender gets to be paid first in case of default? Will your second lender subordinate? If you don't know, you'd better call and find out.
6. Choose the right program.
Some homeowners don't mind adding years to the loan if they get a lower payment. Some are refinancing both to lower the interest rate they're paying and to shave years off of the loan term. Others want to do a cash-out refinance. Figure out what you're trying to do by refinancing and then go after the right loan program. One option these days is to focus on shaving years from your loan. If you can cut your loan term from 23 years (left on your current loan) to 15 years, you've just saved yourself eight years of payments. Your payment may be a bit higher, but over the long term it might be well worth it.
7. Follow up with your lender.
The one thing you don't want to do is apply for the loan and then let time start ticking away. Stay in touch with your lender, calling at least once a week or so to make sure the loan officer has all the documentation he or she needs to close.
8. Read your mortgage documents before you sign them.
I'm not saying that the lender is going to make a mistake, but it's been known to happen. Also, there are a lot of new required disclosure forms, and other kinds of pages you'll have to read and sign, so be sure to schedule enough time to go through everything so you understand it.
Once your closing is done, all that's left for you to figure out is whether it makes sense to apply your monthly mortgage "savings" toward prepaying your mortgage and cutting your loan term further.