The Islamic State (IS), also known as ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), was a jihadist extremist group that gained notoriety for its brutal acts of terrorism and its attempts to establish a self-proclaimed caliphate in Iraq and Syria. The group was founded in

2013, and its violent activities escalated rapidly, leading to numerous terror attacks worldwide. Here is a timeline of some significant terror attacks associated with the Islamic State:

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, as there were many more attacks carried out by the group. The timeline includes some of the major attacks that received significant media coverage:


June 29: ISIS declares the establishment of a caliphate, naming Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as its leader.

August 19: American journalist James Foley is beheaded by ISIS militants in a video released online.

November 13: ISIS claims responsibility for a suicide bombing at the Iranian embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 23 people and injuring many more.


January 7-9: The Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris, France, carried out by individuals who pledged allegiance to ISIS, results in the deaths of 12 people.

October 31: A Russian passenger plane is brought down over the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, killing all 224 people on board. ISIS claims responsibility.

November 13: A series of coordinated attacks across Paris, including shootings and suicide bombings at various locations, result in 130 deaths and hundreds of injuries. ISIS claims responsibility.


March 22: Coordinated suicide bombings at the Brussels Airport and a metro station in Belgium kill 32 people and injure many more. ISIS claims responsibility.

June 12: A gunman opens fire in a nightclub in Orlando, Florida, killing 49 people. The shooter claims allegiance to ISIS.

July 14: A truck driven by a terrorist plows into a crowd celebrating Bastille Day in Nice, France, killing 86 people and injuring over 400.

December 19: A truck plows into a Christmas market in Berlin, Germany, killing 12 people and injuring dozens.


May 22: A suicide bombing at an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England, kills 22 people, including children, and injures many others.

August 17: A van drives into pedestrians on La Rambla in Barcelona, Spain, killing 14 people and injuring over 100.

October 1: A gunman opens fire on a crowd at a music festival in Las Vegas, USA, killing 58 people. While the attacker's motives were not conclusively linked to ISIS, the group claimed responsibility initially.

October 31: A truck plows into pedestrians on a bike path in New York City, USA, killing 8 people. The attacker reportedly pledged allegiance to ISIS.


April 23: A series of coordinated bombings at churches and hotels in Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday result in nearly 270 deaths. The attacks were attributed to a local extremist group with connections to ISIS.

July 25: ISIS claims responsibility for an attack on a government building in Jalalabad, Afghanistan, which kills at least 15 people.


March 15: Shootings at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, result in the deaths of 51 people. The attacker expressed far-right and anti-Islamic views, but his actions were not connected to ISIS.

April 21: On Easter Sunday, coordinated suicide bombings targeting churches and hotels in Sri Lanka kill more than 250 people. ISIS claims responsibility.

October 27: ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is killed during a U.S. military operation in Syria.


The focus of ISIS activities shifted from large-scale attacks to smaller, more localized incidents, often in conflict zones.

Please note that this timeline provides only a snapshot of the many attacks and incidents attributed to ISIS. The group's activities have evolved over time.



Available at

Inside Syria: The Backstory of Their Civil War and What the World Can Expect

Equal Worth: When Humanity Will Have Peace

How Capitalism Failed the Arab World: The Economic Roots and Precarious Future of Middle East Uprisings