Egypt should invest more in modernizing its roads and railways if it wants to bring down the shockingly high number of accidents and fatalities.
Transport Minister Hatem Abdelatif stunned the nation on 13 January when he revealed that road accidents kill as many as 10,000 people every year. (Arabic).
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates road accident fatalities to be even more, at 12,000 a year. Egypt has a road traffic fatality rate of 42 per every 100,000 people, compared with 5.2 per 100,000 in Sweden, 7.2 in Finland and 25.2 in Russia, WHO says.
At a seminar in Cairo on 28 and 29 January, transport experts said Egypt's road network needed redesigning, with more markings and better lighting, and traffic rules needed to be enforced.
Dubbed "Transport Infrastructure Egypt 2013", the seminar sought to shed light on the challenges of, and solutions to, improving road and rail safety in Egypt. It also aimed to involve the government in its discussions and make recommendations.
"We are in dire need to overhaul everything, including the policies," Khalid Abdel Azeem Abbas, head of the National Institute of Transport, told IRIN.
By investing in road and railway safety, experts said, the government would save some of the billions of Egyptian pounds it spends each year treating accident victims and replacing vehicles, trains and track.
The World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology in 2008 estimated the economic loss to Egypt from road crashes at nearly US$1.8 billion per year.
How can roads be made safer?
Seminar recommendations regarding motorways included increasing lighting and signals at intersections; introducing concrete barriers separating roads; and widening and straightening roads.
Hans-Joachim Vollpracht, chairman of the Technical Committee at the World Road Association, said the government should not allow construction of homes near motorways (to keep pedestrians away), and should build small roads for farmers near their fields to keep their animals and carts off motorways.
"Roads are very badly designed in this country," he told IRIN. "A better road design will surely bring road traffic crashes down, but driving habits must also change."
International NGO the Association for Safe International Road Travel says reckless driving is a major cause of road deaths in Egypt. It said driver error is behind 69 percent of road crashes, while other factors included burst tyres (21 percent), and defective road planning (10 percent).
Experts recommended more strenuous tests for driving license applicants, and better enforcement and tougher punishments for those who violate the highway code, for example by driving in the opposite direction down one-way streets, and driving under the influence of narcotics or alcohol.
Vollpracht, who has spent the last three years studying Egypt's traffic and road problems, says most vehicles on the road are very old; he said the government should ban cars that are more than 20 years old.
Why are the railways dangerous?
"There is an urgent need for action on our country's deteriorating railroad system," Hamada Mansour, a railway expert and the former deputy chairman of Egypt's state-run National Railway Authority, told IRIN on the sidelines of the seminar. "Railways are neglected, trains are rarely maintained, and drivers do not receive any kind of training."
Some trains have not been replaced since'85 - one of the reasons there are 550 train accidents every year, according to a recent Ministry of Transport report.
When a train crashed south of Cairo on- January, the co-driver told Al Nahar TV that drivers could not be blamed for accidents because "the trains are too old to work."
"Officials in the National Railway Authority still use specifications dating back to the'60s in importing train locomotives," said Mansour.
Seminar participants urged the government to upgrade railway signals, introduce automated level crossings, modernize carriages, import new locomotives, revamp administrative mechanisms, adopt more forward-looking management strategies, and provide better training for drivers, among others.
"Egypt must pay attention to the human factor in crashes," Vollpracht said. "Some drivers have to work extra hours and this results in a lack of driving wheel control on their part." He said drivers should not be at the wheel for more than five hours per trip.
Are there too many level crossings?
Abdelatif, the transport minister, recently said almost 50 percent of railway accidents happen at level crossings: There are 1,261 along 9,560km of railway, according to the state-run National Transport Institute - a ratio some observers say is too high.
The Institute says only 333 of the crossings are automated, while the remainder are manned by staff who sometimes fall asleep or leave work before the end of their shift.
When a bus carrying children crashed into a train in November 2012 in a village near Asyut, 320km south of Cairo, media reported that the employee manning the crossing was asleep.
The Transport Ministry says 82 percent of railway lines rely on mechanical, as opposed to electronic, signals.
Abdelatif has also said that 80-85 percent of Egypt's 3,300 train carriages are in need of replacement. (Arabic).
Egypt's worst train crashes since 1995
January 2013: Around' Interior Ministry conscripts killed and hundreds injured when two carriages from a train taking them from Upper Egypt to Cairo collided with a cargo train. .
November 2012: More than 50 kindergarten children in school bus killed in Asyut, south of Cairo, at a level crossing. .
August 2006: Around 66 killed and-2 injured when two trains collided near Qalube, 20km north of Cairo. (Arabic).
February 2002: At least 373 killed when fire swept through overcrowded train.
October 1998: Around 50 killed and more than 80 injured in train derailment south of Alexandria. (Arabic).
February 1997: Eleven killed, dozens injured in train crash near the southern town of Aswan (blamed on human error and a signal failure) (Arabic).
December 1995: Around 75 killed in train crash (driver accused of speeding). (Arabic).
- Would the Turkish Model Work in Arab Spring Countries?
- Kerry Talks Regional Issues With Gulf Arab Leaders
- Export Oil, Import Water: The Middle East's Risky Economics
- Syrians Risk Their Health to Keep Warm
- Evidence of Syrian Cluster Bomb Use
- Syrian Rebels Capture Most of Key City
- Iranian Nuclear Program World's 'Greatest Challenge'
- Self-Interested Leaders Roil Chaos in Middle East
- Is the American Shadow War Helping Yemen?
- Yemen Faces Talibanization
- Iraq: Washington Looks Away
- Iraq: Three Costly Lessons from the Invasion
- One Day The World Will Thank Bush For Shaking Up The Arab Region
- Iraq: Problems in the Pipeline
- 'The Gatekeepers'
- Palestinians Hope to Tell Their Story Through the Oscars
- Hamas Leaders Keep Low Profile in West Bank
- The Dreams and Dilemmas of Iraqi Kurdistan
- Women Struggle to Find Their Role in Syrian Revolution
- The Consequences of Intervening in Syria
- Syrian Refugees in Iraq Face Harsh Winter
- Syrian Citizens Stuck Between Regime's Rock and the Rebels' Hard Place
- Syrian Businesses Take Refuge in Jordan as War Ravages Aleppo
- Iran's Survival Strategy
- Egyptians Struggle to Keep Hope
- Call for Investigation into Post-Revolution Deaths in Egypt
- Egypt's Hazardous Roads and Railways
- Israel's First-Timers Position for Their 'Moments' in New Government
- Iraq's Sadr Demands 'Fair Implementation' of National Security Laws
- Israel Vows to Build in West Bank Site After Evicting Protesters
- Jerusalem Residents Rejoice: 'Let it Snow, Let it Snow'
- Iran Willing to Resume Nuclear Talks as Sanctions Bite Hard
- Jordanian King's Uncle Said to Flee Country for Alleged Corruption
- Saudi 90-year-old and 15-year-old Bride Divorce
- Russia Calls for Political Transition in Syria
- Failure of Syria Talks Signal Conflict May Be Long Struggle
- Syrian Government and Rebels Swapping Civilian and Iranian Prisoners
- Egyptian Court Orders Retrial for Mubarak
- Morsi Seeks Release of Blind Preacher from U.S. Prison
- Hagel Nomination Raises Hopes for Improved Iran - U.S. Relations
- Tweeter Sentenced to Jail for Insulting Kuwaiti Emir
- Assad Address Rallies Syrians to Unite and Fight 'Enemies'
- Israeli MP Proposes Paying Palestinians $500,000 Each to Leave West Bank
- Bibi has Iran In His Sights, But First He has an Election to Win
- Nuclear Deal with Iran Possible If Bad Habits Change
- Turkey: Zigzag Diplomacy Leads Nowhere
- Syrian Chemical Weapons Threat Eerily Familiar?
- Tunisia and the Struggles Of Drafting a New Constitution
- Egypt: Dark Shadows
- Mortality Alters the Arab Order
- Libya: Gaddafi's Guns Trigger Collapse
- Egypt: The Roundabout Road Back To Tahrir
- Healthcare System Crumbling in Syria as War Rages
- Syria: Al Assad's Last Stand
- Every Day Brings New Drama in the Middle East
- Egypt and the Strategic Balance
- Gaza Clash Reveals Morsi's True Colors
- Syria: Is the World Waiting for Genocide?
- T-ball War in the Middle East
IRIN, "Egypt's Hazardous Roads and Railways"