Two Sides to Obamacare, Only One has Facts
by Clarence Page
One of the best features in President
That's the gist of their reactions to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office's generally rosy projections last Tuesday of how many people will choose to work less because of the effects of the Affordable Care Act.
In short, top congressional Republicans confused leaving a job with losing a job.
House Republican Leader
Senate Republican Leader
Maybe they were just reading too fast. The CBO report actually projects that the labor market will lose the equivalent of 2 million to 2.5 million full-time workers, not because employers cut jobs but because of workers who decide to work less -- largely because Obamacare enables them to work less.
That's more than twice as many worker-hours as the CBO predicted when the law was signed in 2010.
That's great news for workers who might, for example, want to leave work for awhile or forever to take care of children, ailing parents or their own ailments but couldn't because they were afraid to lose affordable health insurance.
But won't those workers who decide to spend more time with their families reduce the nation's overall productivity, as some critics argue -- or burden government budgets by paying less in payroll and income taxes?
Not necessarily so, say the CBO's economists. At a time of moderate to high unemployment, their report points out, "other applicants will be readily available to fill those positions and the overall effect on unemployment will be muted."
Still, isn't Obamacare "extending the hand-out society," as
Which brings us to a refreshingly factual concern that Obamacare opponents have raised about the CBO report: Since workers gradually lose Obamacare's premium-support subsidy as their income rises, doesn't it creates a disincentive or "tax on work" penalty against doing more work.
At the margins, some upwardly mobile workers will have to decide whether earning more income will be worth the loss of the subsidy they already receive.
That's not a new dilemma. Some upwardly mobile workers already face similar decisions if their earnings rise above the eligibility limits for food stamps, the Earned Income Tax Credit and other income support programs.
Yet the fundamental virtue of welfare-to-work programs that earns vast bipartisan support is the goal of helping people move from dependence to self-sufficiency.
The portion of Americans who face that dilemma under Obamacare is not huge, according to CBO figures, and lawmakers have alternatives. They could make the subsidies more generous to cushion the impact on those with rising incomes, which would make Obamacare more expensive.
Or they could move toward a single-payer system, such as simply extending
Yet the absence of alternatives, as the
To replace it, a rising consensus is forming around a bill recently filed by Republican Sens.
That's fine. Although the CBO indicates Obamacare is recovering from its bumpy rollout, the program is far from perfect. Our nation's health care challenges still call for serious debate based on facts, not distortions.