Could LBJ Do as Much Today?
by Clarence Page
Fifty years later, it's hard to imagine the enactment of the Civil Rights Act by today's polarized
We Americans fight less among ourselves when we clearly face a common enemy or crisis. In the immediate aftermath of the
Today the bitter partisanship in
This is an appropriate time for such a look into the rear-view mirror of time, if only to appreciate with new eyes the historic significance of the battle to pass the Civil Rights Act. It amounted to nothing less than the last lingering battle of the Civil War -- if you believe (as some people apparently don't) that the Civil War is really over.
In the space of what now seems like a few short years, which also were my early teen years, a new war seemed to be breaking out. The ferocity was enhanced by television news, an industry still coming of age. Almost daily in 1963, we were exposed to images such as Birmingham police dogs and firehoses sicced on peaceful civil rights protesters, a bombed Birmingham church where four little girls were killed on a Sunday morning and the assassination of
After Kennedy's assassination that November, the bill was left to LBJ, which sounded on my side of town like bad news. As majority leader of the
But as president, Johnson rose to a higher moral and historic calling. He rallied enough support from both parties to enact, by many accounts, a stronger civil rights bill than the less-experienced JFK could have achieved.
It is that feat, accomplished with a majority of Republican votes to override the fierce resistance of Southern segregationist Democrats, that leads many to ask today whether the Civil Rights Act would survive today's
My first reflex is to answer no. Even such formerly routine matters as an extension of unemployment benefits fall dead in the water these days. But this also is not
As many others point out, LBJ had deep and long-running relationships on
But even if he had it, Obama's close associates say, he would not have a
LBJ enacted a sweeping, landmark civil rights bill on behalf of equal rights for women and minorities. But, in the week of the law's 50th anniversary, Senate Republicans blocked a much more modest Democratic-backed Paycheck Fairness Act aimed to even the pay gap between men and women.
Would the Civil Rights Act run up against a similar brick wall today? The politics and issues are different. The strong conservatism that dominated yesterday's Southern Democrats is found more conspicuously in today's
That shift began significantly in the backlash years immediately following LBJ's civil rights legislation. As minorities and others who favored activist government flocked to the party of LBJ, the Republican base became more white and also shifted to the South and to western mountain states. Today in its support of states' rights and opposition to "big government," the Party of
And compared to today's political landscape, the civil rights divide in LBJ's day was a more clear-cut choice between injustice and equal opportunity. In today's civil rights debates, both sides call for the same principles -- "freedom," "equal rights" and "opportunity" -- but have very different definitions of what those words mean.