Income-Based Diversity Push Falls Short at Elite Colleges
Leonard Pitts Jr
A few years ago,
Esentially, the elite university offered a free college education to high-achieving students whose families earned less than
How has it worked out? Unfortunately, not as well as many had hoped.
One study of the
University officials at
But that widespread belief is disputed by a new study by economists
They looked at the 236 colleges and universities that are viewed as "most competitive" in Barron's Profiles of American Colleges and at high school seniors whose grades were in the top 4 percent nationwide and whose college aptitude test scores were the top 10 percent of test-takers.
The analysis published in December finds a surprisingly abundant supply of high-achieving low-income students who are not applying to selective colleges, Hoxby and Avery wrote, even though "selective institutions would often cost them less, owing to generous financial aid, than the resource-poor two-year and non-selective four-year institutions to which they actually apply."
And in case you were wondering, the low-income high achievers who do apply to selective institutions are admitted and graduate at high rates, the study points out.
Why are low-income students and their families passing up these opportunities? More than anything else, Hoxby and Avery conclude, the students simply don't know what they're missing. They don't know because nobody is telling them.
Some 70 percent of gifted low-income students came from 15 large metropolitan areas, the study found. Most attend highly respected public magnet schools where elite colleges tend to have long-established pipelines of contacts with high school counselors and other informal talent scouts.
Students at such schools also are more likely to talk about and apply to elite colleges as an option than students in schools, families or communities who view such colleges as faraway havens for snooty rich kids.
"The students whom (colleges) see are the students who apply," Hoxby told
As remedies, colleges need to broaden their searches, publicity and outreach to more cities and smaller towns. The high schools and local communities also owe it to their promising students to improve their own outreach.
The success or failure of income-based outreach by elite colleges is important to the rest of us, too.
"The Hoxby-Avery study offers further evidence that universities care more about racial diversity than economic diversity," said Richard Kahlenberg,senior fellow at
Or to paraphrase the Rev.
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